10 Steps to Success - Year 4 - Maths

The principal focus of mathematics teaching in Year 4 is consolidate, extend prior learning and to develop a strong understanding of the four operations. These include addition, subtraction, multiplication and division with numbers up to the thousands. Pupils will also develop their ability to solve a range of problems, with fractions, decimals, measures, statistics, geometry and position. By the end of year 4 pupils should have memorised and recall their multiplication tables up to and including 12x12. Including the corresponding division facts.

We’ve broken the year’s key learning into 10 skills. If children can master these in year 4, they will make a flying start to year 5. They won’t necessarily be mastered in order.

Skill 1

 Times-tables: Apply Times-Tables knowledge up to 12x12, including associated division facts (e.g. 7 x 8 = 56 so 70 x 8 = 560; 56 ÷ 8 = 7 so 560 ÷ 8 = 70). Complete a mixed Go Game in under 10 minutes.   

Skill 2

Addition: Apply number bonds and standard Column Addition methods to ThHTU, including decimals (tenths and hundredths) in and out of context (including money and measures).  

Skill 3

Subtraction: Apply number bonds and standard Column Subtraction to ThHTU including decimals (tenths and hundredths) in and out of context (including money and measures). 

Skill 4

Multiplication: Apply multiplication knowledge using the Grid Method and/or standard method up to HTUxU in and out of context (including money and measures, including area).    

Skill 5

Division: Apply written methods for division (including Bus Shelter method) up to HTU ÷ U, with and without remainders in and out of context (including money and measures).    

Skill 6

Fractions and Decimals: Calculate and compare unit and non-unit fractions of quantities e.g. finding ¾ of 32. Add fractions with the same denominator. Compare and order decimals to hundredths.    

Skill 7

Balance and inverses: Apply understanding of the mathematical symbols <, > and = in balance and missing number problems (e.g. 3 x __ = 10 + 5). Find largest and smallest possible solutions.    

Step 8

Checking answers: Check answers using written methods, using the inverse operation (e.g. 200 – 63 = 137 so 137 + 63 = 200), and mental methods (including estimating and approximating).    

Step 9

Shape and Space: Identify 2D shapes by their properties; name and order angles; plot shapes on grids using co-ordinates; mark lines of symmetry and reflect shapes.    

Step 10

Times and Measures: Tell the time using the 12 hour and 24 hour clock; understand and convert units of time and length. Calculate simple durations by counting forward and back.