10 Steps to Success - Year 2 - Maths

The main focus of mathematics in Year 2 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with numbers, counting and place value up to 100. Building upon the strong foundation set in Year 1 pupils will develop their understanding of the four operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. This understanding will include concrete resources. Pupils will develop their ability to recognise and describe shape. They will also use measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money. Finally, they will learn their times tables for the 2, 5 and 10s, including the corresponding division facts.

We’ve broken the year’s key learning into 10 skills. If children can master these in year 1, they will make a flying start to year 2. They won’t necessarily be mastered in order.


Skill 1

To partition two-digit numbers into different combinations of tens and ones.    






Skill 2

Add 2 two-digit numbers within 100 (e.g. 48+36) and can demonstrate methods using apparatus or pictorial representations.    







Step 3

Subtract mentally a two-digit number from another two-digit number when there is no grouping required (e.g. 74-33).    







Step 4

To recognise the inverse relationships between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and work out missing number problems (e.g.  -14 = 28).    








Step 5

Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables to solve simple problems, demonstrating an understanding of commutativity as necessary.    








Step 6

Identify 1/3, 1/4, 1/2, 2/4, 3/4 of shapes and numbers, and know all parts must be equal parts of the whole.    







Step 7

To use different coins to make the same amount.    





Step 8

Read scales in divisions of ones, twos, fives and tens in a practical situation where all numbers on the scale are given.    







Step 9

To read the time on the clock to the nearest 15 minutes.    





Step 10

Name and describe the properties of 2D and 3D shapes